FIJI POLICE SALUS POPULI
Fiji has a unified national police force, the Fiji Police, whose motto is Salus Populi Meaning "Health of the People".
The Armed Native Constabulary
The Fiji Police Force as its exit today was created by the new Colonial Administration when the first officers were appointed by notice in the Royal Gazette dated 10 th October 1874, and the ADC to the Governor was appointed Superintendent of police. He was Lieutenant Henry Olive of the Royal Marine Light Infantry and although he had no previous experience of police duties he was ideally suited to the job of training the men were destined to become the Armed Native Constabulary (ANC). The Gazette issue made several appointments but none was to affect the police more than that of Henry Olive. After the ceremonial signing of the Deed of Cession the flag of the Cakobau Government was; lowered and the raising of the Union flag signified the entry of Fiji into the British Empire. Lieutenant Olive had spent much time with the ANC (Armed Native Constabulary, the new name of the Royal Army) until 1906, when it was abolished, it would be described as a military, and not a Police Force, but was always commanded by a police officer.
White Sulu Tavatava and Chinese Blouse.
Legality for law enforcement
Before the year of the Little War had ended, legality for law enforcement and the quelling of internal disturbances had been established by two Ordinances: No XXX of 1876 dated 19 th December and XXXI of 1876 dated 29 th. The first was for the Regulation of the Police Force and the second for the Regulation of a force of Armed Native Constabulary. Both ordinances commenced with the Governors authority to appoint the Commanding Officer of each force, a Superintendent of Police in the case of the former, and a Commandant in the case of the ANC. Both post during Fijis first twelve years as a colony, were held by one man, the ADC to the Governor. Both appointments gave the folder automatic appointment as a Justice of Peace. The main difference was that the Commandant could establish a court to inquire into any breaches of discipline and the court could order corporal punishment not exceeding forty lashes.