PTEROIS RADIATA - (CUVIER, 1829)
Picture courtesy of: Gloup NoumeaActinopterygii (Gigaclass) > Actinopteri (Class) > Teleostei (Subclass) > Perciformes (Order) > Scorpaenoidei (Suborder) > Scorpaenidae (Family) > Pteroinae (Subfamily) > Pterois (Genus)
Poisson-scorpion rayonné, Poisson-scorpion à raies blanches, Poisson-diable rayonné, Rascasse volante rayonnée, Pterois à raies blanches, Whitelined lionfish, Clearfin lionfish, White-lined lionfish, Radial firefish, Pesce leone raggiato, Pez león de aleta clara, Pez escorpión de aleta clara, Strahlen-Feuerfisch, Peixe-leão radiata, Straal-vuurvis, Kimiokoze, キミオコゼ, 軸紋簑鮋, 輻紋蓑鮋,
Pseudomonopterus vittata (Sauvage, 1878)
Pterois vittata (Sauvage, 1878)
Pteropterus radiata (Cuvier, 1829)
Pteropterus radiatus (Cuvier, 1829)
Scorpaena barffi (Curtiss, 1944)
Dorsal spines (total): 11-13 (usually: 12); Dorsal soft rays (total): 10-12 (usually: 11); Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 6-7; Pectoral fin rays: 15-18 (usually: 16); Pelvic fin rays: I, 5; Depth of body: 2.5-2.7 in SL; Scale rows in longitudinal series: 51-57; Relatively long fin days in the dorsal-fin with length of longest: 30.9-40.5 (mean 35.8) % of SL, in the anal-fin with longest ray length: 35.8-44.8 (40.4) % of SL, in the pectoral fin, the ninth ray length: 75.6-113.2 (92.4) % of SL, and in pelvic-fin with longest ray: 48.2-71.9 (60.0) % of SL with its posterior tip reaching or extending beyond vertical through posteriormost anal-fin soft ray base when depressed; Supraocular tentacle without lateral branches; The postorbital sensory canal absent or not connected to sphenotic spine base at any life history stage. Max. length: 24.0 cm TL, common length: 20.0 cm TL. Depth range: 1 - 30 m.
Body with 5-6 broad dark reddish brown bars separated by white lines. Caudal peduncle with two longitudinal white lines. Dorsalfin spines and pectoral-fin rays reddish brown basally, whitish distally. Softrayed portion of dorsal fin, and anal and caudal fins without spots. Horizontal dark area on caudal peduncle.
Pterois: from ancient Greek, pterón = wing, fin. Referring to high dorsal and long pectoral fins.
radiata: from Latin, radiatus = radiated, rayed. Referring to long pectoral-fin rays, which extend beyond fin membrane.
Original description: Pterois radiata Cuvier, 1829 - Type locality: Tahiti, Society Islands, French Polynesia, South Pacific.
Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Persian Gulf, Socotra, Comoros and Madagascar east to Marshall, Line and Marquesas islands, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, Queensland (Australia), New Caledonia and Tonga.
A generally uncommon species that inhabits lagoon and seaward reefs. Prefers rocky reefs and seems to avoid stony corals. Coastal, sometimes in surge zones where in narrow crevices, or along rock-walls in small caves. Found under ledges during the day. Feeds exclusively on small crabs and shrimps. Capable of inflicting a painful sting.
Pterois cincta (Rüppell, 1838) - Reported from Red Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aden.
Pterois antennata (Bloch, 1787) - Reported from New Caledonia - Link to the species (here).
Pterois sphex (Jordan & Evermann, 1903) - Reported from Hawaiian Islands.
Last update: 23, March 2022