PARASCORPAENA PICTA - (CUVIER, 1829)
Picture courtesy of: Alain Daoulas
Actinopterygii (Gigaclass) > Actinopteri (Class) > Teleostei (Subclass) > Perciformes (Order) > Scorpaenoidei (Suborder) > Scorpaenidae (Family) > Scorpaeninae (Subfamily) > Parascorpaena (Genus)
Scorpène peinte, Poisson scorpion peint, Painted scorpionfish, Painted stingfish, Northern scorpionfish, 圓鱗鮋, 花鲉,
Prascorpaena picta (Cuvier, 1829)
Scorpaena lineagula (Fowler, 1955)
Scorpaena picta (Cuvier, 1829)
Scorpaena stokesii (Richardson, 1846)
Dorsal spines (total): 12; Dorsal soft rays (total): 8-10 (usually: 9); Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 5; Pectoral fin rays: 19-18 (usually: 17); Caudal fin (branched rays): 11-12; Gill rakers (total): 14-18; Lateral-line scales (pored): 22-24; Scale rows in longitudinal series: 43–49 (usually: 45); Scale rows below lateral line: 15–18 (usually: 16); Scale rows between last dorsal-fin spine base and lateral line: 6–8 (usually: 7); Scale rows between sixth dorsal-fin spine base and lateral line: 6–8 (usually: 7); First and second suborbital ridges fused, forming a single ridge with two spines behind level of orbit, spines absent below eye; Interorbital ridges poorly developed, not encircling a depression; Occipital pit very weakly developed, nearly flat; Smaller head and orbit, head length: 40.1–46.3 % (usually: 43.6 %) of SL and orbit diameter: 10.5–13.0 % (usually: 11.4%) of SL; Shorter upper jaw and pectoral fin, upper-jaw length: 20.0–24.0 % (usually: 21.5 %) of SL and longest pectoral fin ray length: 29.5– 36.7 % (usually: 31.8 %) of SL. Max. length: 16.0 cm TL. Depth range: 0 - 15 m.
Variable, but generally mottled reddish brown. Lacks a black blotch on spinous portion of the dorsal fin.
Parascorpaena: from Greek, para = near, in the side + from Latin, scorpaena = a kind of fish. Described as similar to Scorpaena but distinguished by the presence of an anteroventrally directed posterior lacrimal spine.
picta: from Latin, pingo = I paint, having been decorated, painted, portrayed.
Original description: Scorpaena picta Cuvier, 1829 - Type locality: Java, Indonesia.
Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Sri Lanka and Myanmar east to Philippines and Fiji, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia.
Inhabits littoral rocky bottom, and in protected bays on silty substrates among debris. Solitary among crevices of coastal reefs. Venomous spines.
Parascorpaena aurita (Rüppell, 1838) - Red Sea; Indo-West Pacific: East Africa and Madagascar east to Philippines, north to Taiwan and Amami Islands (southern Japan), south to northern Australia. Parascorpaena aurita has well developed interorbital ridges forming a broad loop at the rear of the interorbit and enclosing a depression (interorbital ridges weakly or moderately developed in Parascorpaena picta, not enclosing a depression), a fairly well marked depression at the occiput (vs. depression shallow or moderate only in Parascorpaena picta).
Last update: 15, September 2022