EVISTIAS ACUTIROSTRIS - (TEMMINCK & SCHLEGEL, 1844)
Picture courtesy of: Luc Faucompré
Actinopterygii (Class) > Perciformes (Order) > Percoidei (Suborder) > Pentacerotidae (Family) > Histiopterinae (Subfamily) > Evistias (Genus)
Poisson-sanglier, Striped boarfish, Japanese boarfish, Whiskered boarfish, Sailfin armourhead, Tengudai, テングダイ, 육동가리돔, 尖吻棘鯛, кабан-рыба желтополосая,
Evistias acuirostris (Temminck & Schlegel, 1844)
Evistius acutirostris (Temminck & Schlegel, 1844)
Histiopterus acutirostris (Temminck & Schlegel, 1844)
Dorsal spines (total): 4-5; Dorsal soft rays (total): 26-28; Anal spines: 3-4; Anal soft rays: 11-14; Vertebrae: 27. Body very deep, broadly rounded below dorsal-fin rays, snout slightly elongate, robust in adults, lips and chin with dense ‘whisker-like’ villi, those on chin very long and sometimes divided; Dorsal fin tall, sail-like with a convex posterior margin; Dorsal spines stout, progressively increasing in length; Anteriormost dorsal-fin rays much longer than posteriormost fin spine. Max. length: 90.0 cm TL. Depth range: 18 - 193 m.
Five dark bands on the body, and yellow dorsal, anal and caudal fins.
Evistias: from Greek prefix, eû = well + from Greek, histion = sail. In reference of its spinous dorsal.
acutirostris: from Latin, acutus = sharp + from Latin, rostrum = snout.
Original description: Histiopterus acutirostris Temminck & Schlegel, 1844 - Type locality: Ōmura, Nagasaki, Nagasaki Prefecture, Kyūshū, Japan.
Western and central Pacific: southern and central Japan; Hawaiian Islands; Eastern Australia and New Caledonia east to Matthew and Hunter Islands, south to northern New Zealand, Kermadec Islands and Easter Island.
Benthopelagic over reef and sand. Found in pairs or small groups in deep rocky drop-offs.
Histiopterus typus (Temminck & Schlegel, 1844) - Reported from Red Sea; Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Comoro Islands, Réunion (western Mascarenes) and Persian Gulf east to Philippines and New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), north to central Japan, south to northern Australia. Evistias acutirostris differs from the similar Histiopterus typus in having a deeper, striped body, and short dorsal and anal-fin spines (vs. third and fourth dorsal, and third anal-fin spines elongate in Histiopterus).