FOWLERIA VARIEGATA - (VALENCIENNES, 1832)
Picture courtesy of: Jack Berthomier (Flicker)
Actinopterygii (Gigaclass) > Actinopteri (Class) > Teleostei (Subclass) > Gobiiformes (Order) > Gobiidae (Family) > Gobiinae (Subfamily) > Fowleria (Genus)
Variegated cardinalfish, Spotted cardinalfish, Peppered cardinalfish, Multi-spotted cardinal-fish, Shibori, シボリ, 多斑乳突天竺鯛,
Amia variegata (Valenciennes, 1832)
Apogon punctulatus (Rüppell, 1838)
Apogon variegatus (Valenciennes, 1832)
Apogon variegatus (Fourmanoir & Crosnier, 1964)
Apogonichthys nafae (Snyder, 1909)
Apogonichthys variegatus (Valenciennes, 1832)
Dorsal spines (total): 8; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9; Analspines: 2; Analsoft rays: 8; Pectoral fin rays: 12-14; Lateral-line scales: 23 (23rd overlapping caudal-fin base), the first 10-13 with tubes; Median predorsal scales: 4; Total gill rakers: 3-4 + 11-13; Developed rakers: 1+ 5-6; Rear edge of preopercle ridge smooth, the lower edge membranous and crenulate; Body depth: 2.5-2.95, head length: 2.3-2.4 in SL; Snout length: 4.2-4.5, eye diameter: 3.1-3.8, interorbital width: 5.8-7.05, and upper-jaw length: 1.9-2.0, all in head length; Jaws and vomer with villiform teeth in bands, none on palatines; Caudal-peduncle depth: 1.15-1.45 in peduncle length, and peduncle length: 4.2-4.7 in SL; Round shaped caudal fin. Max. length: 8.0 cm TL. Depth range: 0 - 27 m.
Reddish brown with black sports in longitudinal rows on sides, and an ocellated black sport on opercle.
Fowleria: named in honor of ichthyologist Henry Weed Fowler (1878-1965), Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, and a student of Jordan’s at Stanford University + from Latin suffix, –ia = belonging to.
variegata: from Latin, variego = variegated, Streaked, spotted, speckled, or otherwise marked with a variety of color, very colorful. Referring to reddish body color mottled with “varied cloudy spots”.
Original description: Apogon variegatus Valenciennes, 1832 - Type locality: Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean.
Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Aldabra, Madagascar, Mauritius (Mascarenes) and Persian Gulf east to Philippines, Tonga and Samoa, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, New South Wales (Australia) and New Caledonia.
Found in coral reefs and seagrass beds of inner bays and shallow lagoons; Also in dead reef and rubble. Nocturnal species. Solitary or in small groups. Distinct pairing during courtship and spawning.
Last update: 17, June 2022