SEPIA PHARAONIS - (EHRENBERG 1831)
Famille des sepiidae
The Pharaoh Cuttlefish (Sepia pharaonis) is a large cuttlefish species, growing to 42 cm in mantle length and 5 kg in weight.
S. pharaonis is native to at least the western Indian Ocean, including the Red Sea and Persian Gulf. It is likely a complex of at least three species, the distributions of which are not well understood.
This cuttlefish lives in warm water (30°C) and is fast growing. They mate and spawn at 110 days and their life span is 240 days. They lay about 1500 eggs which take 14 days to develop at 28°C. Males are larger than females and most are larger than 1 kg (similiar in size to S. officinalis).
Sepia rouxi (Orbigny, 1841)
Sepia formosana (Berry, 1912)
Sepia formosana (Sasaki, 1929)
Sepia tigris (Sasaki, 1929)
Sepia torosa (Ortmann, 1888)
Crumenasepia hulliana (Iredale, 1926)
Crumenasepia ursulae (Cotton, 1929)