PSEUDANTHIAS RANDALLI - (LUBBOCK & ALLEN, 1978)
Picture courtesy of: Alain Daoulas
Actinopterygii (Class) > Perciformes (Order) > Percoidei (Suborder) > Serranidae (Family) > Anthiinae (Subfamily) > Pseudanthias (Genus)
Randall's anthias, Randall's fairy basslet, Resplendent basslet, Randalls fahnenbarsch, Fuchidorihanadai, フチドリハナダイ, 伦氏拟花鮨, 倫氏擬花鮨,
Anthias randalli (Lubbock & Allen, 1978)
Dorsal spines (total): 10; Dorsal soft rays (total): 15-17 (usually:16); Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 7-8 (rarely: 8); Pectoral rays: 16-18 (usually: 17); Tubed lateral line scales: 38-46 (mostly: 41-43); Gill rakers: 8-10 + 1 + 21-23; Body depth: 2.63-2.96 in SL; Head length: 2.79-3.30 in SL; Dorsal fin not scaled, third dorsal spine prolonged; Anal fin tip acute, caudal fin lunate; Flattened dorsal profile of head. Max length: 9.5 cm TL. Depth range: 15 - 120 m, usually: 15 - 70 m.
Male: a narrow violet stripe from predorsal region along dorsal fin base; remainder of dorsal body contour orange, each scale faintly greenish basally; a diffuse violet band from upper hind margin of eye to centre of caudal peduncle bordered immediately below by a conspicuous bright red band extending from top of snout through eye and upper half of pectoral fin base to lower part of caudal peduncle; tip of snout and ventral part of body pinkishviolet, more intense anteriorly, with a diffuse red stripe running from isthmus to anal fin origin. Iris reddish-violet. Pectoral fins pinkish hyaline; pelvic fins red-orange anteriorly, blood red posteriorly, with a violet anterior margin and a large bright bluish-violet central region; anal fin anterior to third or fourth soft rays bright red with a violet distal margin, posteriorly bright bluish-violet; distal margin of dorsal fin posterior to fourth spine, basal part of anterior soft dorsal rays, and three posteriormost dorsal rays violet; remainder of dorsal fin deep red, becoming orange on anterior half of spinous portion, the first three spines with violet tinges; caudal fin violet, the lobes slightly reddish.
Female: dorsal body contour orange, shading to reddish-orange with violet tinges ventrally; scales on upper half of body faintly greenish basally; snout yellow-orange. Iris orange, violet ventrally. Pectoral fins pinkish hyaline; pelvic fins pinkish hyaline, anterior margin with violet tinges; anal fin orange, spinous portion and distal margin with violet tinges; dorsal fin orange with violet distal margin, anterior three spines with violet tinges; caudal fin yellow-orange.
Pseudanthias: from Greek, pseudes = false + from Greek, anthias = a fish, Sparus aurata.
randalli: the present species is named after Dr J.E. Randall, who was the first to collect it, and who kindly provided us with specimens in April 1970.
Original description: Anthias randalli Lubbock & Allen, 1978 - Type locality: large cave on vertical drop-off, at 40 m, Baring, Olango Island, Cebu Strait, Philippines. Collected by R. Lubbock on 18 August 1976.
Eastern Indian Ocean, Western and central Pacific: Indonesia East to Marshall Islands and perhaps Johnston Atoll, North to Ryukyu Islands, South to New Caledonia.
Occurs in caves or coral rubble areas along steep drop-offs or channel walls. Benthopelagic. Found in small groups.
Pseudanthias flavicauda (Randall & Pyle, 2001) - Reported from New Caledonia - Link to the species (here) - The females of Pseudanthias flavicauda and Pseudanthias randalli (with yellow snout) are similar in colour.
Pseudanthias pulcherrimus (Heemstra & Randall, 1986) - Reported from Western Indian Ocean: South Africa, Seychelles and western Mascarenes east to Maldives, Chagos Archipelago and Andaman Islands.
Caesioperca rasor (Richardson, 1839) - Reported from Australia: Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia and Western Australia.