EVIOTA MELASMA - (LACHNER & KARNELLA, 1980)
Actinopteri (Class) > Perciformes (Order) > Gobioidei (Suborder) > Gobiidae (Family) > Gobiinae (Subfamily) > Eviota (Genus)
Black-spotted pygmy-goby, Headspot Eviota, Melasma pygmy goby, Akahoshi-isohaze,
Dorsal spines (total): 5 - 7; Dorsal soft rays (total): 8-10; Anal spines: 1; Anal soft rays: 8 - 9. Characterized by semi-transparent body with red-brown internal bars; irregular reddish blotches on nape; presence of intense black spot above gill opening; three red blotches separated by white or yellow bars on side of belly; base of pectoral fin with narrow white band; longitudinal scale series 23-25; ctenoid scales, absent on head and breast; separated pelvic fins, thin membrane joining bases; depth of body 6.5-7.7 in SL. Max length : 3.0 cm SL. Depth range 1 - 20 m.
Western Pacific: Cocos-Keeling Islands to Samoa, north to the Yaeyama Islands, south to Scott Reef and the southern Great Barrier Reef; Belau, Truk, and Enewetak in Micronesia. Reported from New Caledonia.
Found on rocks of corals reefs in the infralittoral zone. Solitary or in groups, resting at bottom.
Eviota punctulata (Jewett & Lachner, 1983) - Reported from New Caledonia. Characterized by semi-translucent green or reddish color; large red-brown patch on operculum; abdomen with pair of large squarish dark brown patches, followed by about seven increasingly smaller internal brown spots or short bars ventrally on body; head with dark red-brown spots and short bands.
Eviota guttata (Lachner & Karnella, 1978) - Reported from New Caledonia.
Eviota albolineata (Jewett & Lachner, 1983) - Absent from New Caledonia.
Eviota fallax (Greenfield & Allen, 2012) - Absent from New Caledonia.