AMBLYELEOTRIS FONTANESII - (BLEEKER, 1853)
Picture courtesy of: Alain Daoulas
Actinopterygii (Class) > Perciformes (Order) > Gobioidei (Suborder) > Gobiidae (Family) > Gobiinae (Subfamily) > Amblyeleotris (Genus)
Giant prawn-goby, Giant shrimp-goby, Giant Shrimpgoby, Nyuudoudate-haze, ニュウドウダテハゼ, 巨鈍鯊, 巨钝鲨,
Amblyeleotris fontanesi (Bleeker, 1853)
Biat luzonica (Seale, 1910)
Cryptocentrus fontanesi (Bleeker, 1853)
Gobius fontanesii (Bleeker, 1853)
Dorsal spines (total): 7; Dorsal soft rays (total): 15; Anal spines: 1; Anal soft rays: 15-17; Pectoral fin rays: 19-22: Longitudinal scale series: 91-113 (usually: 110); Predorsal scales: 9-28, extending forward to less than orbit diameter from interorbital space; Body elongate and compressed, greatest depth of body: 5.8-6.3 in SL; Head slightly compressed, head length: 3.3-3.8 in SL. Scales ctenoid posteriorly, cycloid anteriorly; Cheek and operculum may be with small embedded cycloid scales. Sensory canals and pores present on head; A series of short transverse rows of sensory papillae below eye; A pair of sensory papillae just behind chin. Lower jaw slightly protruding beyond upper jaw; Gill opening extending anteriorly beyond a vertical line through posterior margin of preopercle; Tongue rounded or near truncate. Pelvic fins fully united with well developed frenum; Pointed caudal fin, longer than head. Max. length: 25.0 cm SL. Depth range: 5 - 30 m.
Whitish body color with five broad dark brown bars; Small orange spots on head; First dorsal fin with large dark blotch; Male with a row of black dots along distal margin of second dorsal fin.
Amblyeleotris: from Greek, amblys or amblus = dull (blade: not sharp), blunt, obtuse + the Greek name of a fish, eleōtris, found in the swampy waters of the Nile (Egypt); from the Greek, eleios = who lives in the marshes. The name Eleotris appears for the first time in Déipnosophistes, a compilation of anecdotes and quotations from ancient authors, written by a scholar and grammarian Greek, Athenaeus of Naucratis (about 170-223 AD). In 1763, the Dutch naturalist and collector Laurentius Theodorus Gronovius (1730-1777) used this name to designate a new genus of fish. The authorship of the genre escapes him because his work was rejected by the scientific community of the time. The genre should have returned to the doctor, entomologist and naturalist of Italian culture, Giovanni Antonio Scopoli (1723-1788) but the late recognition of his work made him lose the authorship of the name. Today the genus, Eleotris, is attributed to Bloch & Schneider, 1801.
fontanesii: named in honor of Surgeon-Major H. R. F. Fontanes, Dutch East Indian Army physician, who provided a collection of fishes from Bulucumba, Sulawesi, Indonesia.
Original description: Gobius fontanesii Bleeker, 1853 - Type locality: Boeloekomba (Bulucumba), Sulawesi, Indonesia.
Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Andaman Sea and Indonesia east to Philippines and New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), north to Ryukyu Islands (Japan), south to Australia and New Caledonia.
Inhabits silty inshore bottoms, deep coastal mud slopes and also occurs in estuaries in muddy channels. Also found in sand bottoms of lagoons and sheltered reefs.