OSTORHINCHUS KIENSIS - (JORDAN & SNYDER, 1901)
Picture courtesy of: Alain DaoulasActinopterygii (Class) > Perciformes (Order) > Percoidei (Suborder) > Apogonidae (Family) > Apogoninae (Subfamily) > Ostorhinchus (Genus)
Apogon rainuré, Poisson cardinal rainuré, Rifle cardinalfish, Broad-banded cardinalfish, Geweer-kardinaal, Teppô-ishimochi, テッポウイシモチ, 큰줄얼게비늘, 中線天竺鯛,
Apogon kiensis (Jordan & Snyder, 1901)
Dorsal spines (total): 7; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 8; Pectoral fin rays: 14-15; Pelvic fin rays: I, 5; Principal caudal rays: 9 + 8; Pored lateralline scales: 24-25; Transverse scale rows above lateral line: 2; Transverse scale rows below lateral line: 5-6; Median predorsal scales: 5-6; Circumpeduncular scale rows: 12 (5 + 2 + 5); Vertebrae: 10 + 14; Body depth: 3.1-3.4 in SL; Head long: 2.7-2.8 in SL; Eye diameter: 2.7-2.9 in head; Gill rakers: 6-7 + 18-19; Villiform teeth in a wide band on premaxilla and on dentary; Two rows on the palatine and vomer; None on ectopterygoid, entopterygoid or basihyal. Max. length: 8.0 cm TL. Depth range: 0 - 50 m, usually: 8 - 40 m.
Two dark stripes, a broad one from snout through eye to end of caudal fin, a narrow one from above eye to or past base of second dorsal fin; No dark stripes in second dorsal or anal fins. Blackish stomach and intestine, peritoneum silvery with many melanophores.
Ostorhinchus: from Greek, osteon = bone + from Greek, rhynchos = beak. In reference to the bony jaws, very much advanced and jagged, which take the place of the teeth.
kiensis: from the type locality, Kii Province (now Wakayama Prefecture), Japan, “one of the richest collecting grounds for fishes yet known in any part of the world" + from Latin suffix, -ensis = denoting place.
Orignal description: Apogon kiensis Jordan & Snyder, 1901 - Type locality: Wakanoura, Wakayama Prefecture, Japan, Inland Sea.
Indo-West Pacific: Indonesia east to Philippines and New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), north to southern Japan, south to New Caledonia.
Inhabits rocky and coral reefs. Also above sandy and muddy bottoms of bays and inlets. Solitary or in small groups. Mouthbrooders. Distinct pairing during courtship and spawning.
Ostorhinchus bryx (Fraser, 1998) - Reported from Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa east to Philippines, north to Taiwan.
Ostorhinchus fasciatus (Shaw, 1790) - Reported from New Caledonia.